Studying the Impact of Climate Changes on Some Environmental Pollution Levels by Advanced Mathematical Tools
AbstractLarge-scale environmental models can successfully be used in dierent important for the modern society studies as, for example, in the investigation of the influence of the future climatic changes on pollution levels in different European countries. Such models are described mathematically by non-linear systems of partial differential equations, which are defined on very large spatial domains and have to be solved numerically on very long time intervals (running over many consecutive years). The discretization of the spatial derivatives leads to huge systems of ODEs that have to be handled numerically by using the Newton method at each time-step. Moreover, very often many dierent scenarios have also to be developed and used systematically in the investigations. Therefore, both the storage requirements and the computational work are enormous. Four tasks have to be resolved successfully in order to be able to handle this difficult problem. The Unified Danish Eulerian Model (UNI-DEM) was used in the actual computations with sixteen scenarios and over a time-period of sixteen years (from 1989 to 2004). It will be explained how theВ four computational tasks were resolved and some recent results obtained during the runs will be reported and explained.
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