Modeling phage-bacteria interactions and phage therapy as an alternative to bacterial multidrug resistance
The World Health Organization has sounded the alarm on increasing appearance of bacterial resistance and multi-resistance to existing antibiotics which causes millions of human deaths per year. Faced with this therapeutic impasse, there is a renewed interest in the use of phages (or bacteriophages), which are harmless to humans, but bacteria-eating viruses, as a reliable alternative to combat this scourge, especially since the use of phages for therapeutic purposes or phage therapy is an ancient practice that dates back more than a century and has been successful and continues to be practiced in Eastern Europe.
During this plenary presentation, I will give a brief history of phage therapy since 1917, and emphasize a review of the literature on mathematical models of bacterium-phage interactions and phage therapy described by differential equations. I will conclude this with a detailed presentation of age-since-infection structured model, taking into account spontaneous prophage induction in the presence of lytic and temperate phages.
Copyright (c) 2023 Berge Tsanou
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.