Effects of Discrete Time Delays and Parameters Variation on Dynamical Systems
AbstractTo understand the effects of discrete time delays and of parameter variations on certain biological system models, we carry out a bifurcation analysis ofВ systems of delay differential equations. We present general result for one equation with one and two delaysВ and study a specific example of one equation with one delay. We then establish the procedure for n equations with multiple delays and do a specific example for two equations with two delays. We investigate the stability of the steady states as both chosen bifurcation parameters, the discrete time delay tau and a local equation parameter mu, cross critical values. Our analysis shows that while changes in both parameters can destabilize the steady state, the discrete time delay can cause stability switches of the steady state for certain values of mu,В while the effects of the local equation parameterВ on the steady state do not necessarily depend on the value of tau. While mu may cause the system to go through different type of bifurcations, the discrete time delay can only introduce a Hopf bifurcation for certain values of mu.
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